Menu
  • Abous us
  • Search database
  • Resources
  • Donate
  • Faq

 

American monument Butte de Montfaucon

<< Back to Montfaucon-d’Argonne

Details:

On the west side of the road. Monument

It consists of a massive granite Doric column, surmounted by a statue symbolic of liberty, which towers more than 200-feet above the war ruins of the former village. It commemorates the American victory during the Meuse-Argonne Offensive which lasted from September 26, 1918 to November 11, 1918, when the American First Army forced the enemy to conduct a general retreat on this front.

 

On the walls of the foyer there is an engraved map of the operations with a narrative and a special tribute to the American troops who served here. The observation platform on top of the memorial is reached by 234 steps and affords magnificent views of this battlefield.

Monument Text:

On the outside wall from left to right:

 

MEUSE

HEIGHTS

BARRICOURT

HEIGHTS

 

ROMAGNE

HEIGHTS

ARGONNE

FOREST

 

On the base of the walls, left:

 

1ST DIVISION

EXERMONT

COTE DE MALDAH

VILLEMONTRY

2ND DIVISION

LANDRES-ST. GEORGES

BEAUMONT

BOIS DES FLAVIERS

3RD DIVISION

BOIS DE CUNEL

CLAIRS CHENES

BOIS DE FORET

4TH DIVISION

SEPTSARGES

BOIS DE FAYS

BOIS DE FORET

5TH DIVISION

CUNEL

DUN-SUR-MEUSE

FORET DE WOEVRE

 

26TH DIVISION

LE HOURPY BOIS

LA WAVRILLE

BOIS DE VILLE

28TH DIVISION

ARGONNE

VARENNES

APREMONT

29TH DIVISION

BOIS DE CONSENVOYE

MOLLEVILLE FARM

BOIS D'ETRAYE

32ND DIVISION

COTE DAME MARIE

ROMAGNE

PEUVILLERS

33RD DIVISION

BOIS DE FORGES

CONSENVOYE

BOIS PLAT-CHENE

 

35TH DIVISION

VAUQUOIS

BAULNY

MONTREBEAU

37TH DIVISION

BOIS DE MONTFAUCON

IVOIRY

BOIS DE BEUGE

42ND DIVISION

COTE DE CHATILLON

BOIS DU MONT DIEU

SEDAN HEIGHTS

77TH DIVISION

ARGONNE

ST. JUVIN

REMILLY-SUR-MEUSE

 

On the base of the walls, right:

 

78TH DIVISION

GRANDPRE

BOIS DES LOGES

TANNAY

79TH DIVISION

MONTFAUCON

NANTILLOIS

CHAUMONT

80TH DIVISION

DANNEVOUX

BOIS DES OGONS

BUZANCY

81ST DIVISION

MANHEULLES

ABAUCOURT

GRIMAUCOURT

82ND DIVISION

CORNAY

MARCO

ST. JUVIN

 

89TH DIVISION

BOIS DE BARRICOURT

POUILLY

STENAY

90TH DIVISION

BANTHEVILLE

HILL 343

STENAY

91ST DIVISION

BOIS DE CHEPPY

EPINONVILLE

BOIS DE GESNES

10E D.I.C. (FR.)

DAMLOUP

BOIS DE LA PLUME

NOBRAS

15E D.I.C. (FR.)

SIVRY-SUR-MEUSE

HARAUMONT

DAMVILLERS

 

18E D.I. (FR.)

HAUMONT

BOIS DES CHENES

BOIS D'ORMONT

26E D.I. (FR.)

BOIS DES CAURES

ANGLEMONT FERME

BEAUMONT

IN RESERVE

6TH DIVISION

36TH DIVISION

53 D.C. (FR.)

 

 

Architect’s block:

A.D. 1933

AMERICAN BATTLE MONUMENT

COMMISSION

JOHN RUSSEL POPE - ARCHITECT

 

 

On the floor in front of the entrance door, the English inscription reads:

 

ERECTED BY THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

TO COMMEMORATE THE BRILLIANT VICTORY OF

HER FIRST ARMY IN THE MEUSE-ARGONNE OFFENSIVE

SEPTEMBER 26 - NOVEMBER 11 1918, AND TO HONOR

THE HEROIC SERVICES OF THE ARMIES OF FRANCE

ON THIS IMPORTANT BATTLE FRONT DURING

THE WORLD WAR I

 

_______________________________________

 

ON THE WALLS INSIDE

 

Wall 1:

 

DURING SEPTEMBER SEPTEMBER 1918 THE ALLIED FORCE

LAUNCHED A GENERAL OFFENSIVE AGAINST THE

GERMAN ARMIES ON THE WESTERN FRONT. IN

THIS OPERATION THE AMERICAN FIRST ARMY

WAS ASSIGNED THE TASK OF BREAKING THROUGH

THE EXTREMELY STRONG AND VITAL PORTION OF

THE ENEMY DEFENSIVE SYSTEM LYING BETWEEN

THE MEUSE RIVER AND THE ARGONNE FOREST.

 

THE AMERICAN ATTACK STARTED ON SEPTEMBER

26 AND AFTER TWO DAYS INTENSE FIGHTING

MONTFAUCON UPON WHICH THIS MONUMENT STANDS

WAS CAPTURED. BY SEPTEMBER 30 THE ENEMY

HAD BEEN DRIVEN BACK SIX MILES. THE GERMAN

TROOPS DEFENDED EACH POSITION TO THE UTMOST

AND MANY DIVISIONS WERE RUSHED TO THEIR

SUPPORT FROM OTHER BATTLE FRONTS.

 

THE BATTLE CONTINUED THROUGHOUT OCTOBER

AGAINST DESPERATE RESISTANCE. A BRILLIANT

ADVANCE DOWN THE AIRE VALLEY MADE IT

POSSIBLE TO OUTFLANK AND CAPTURE THE

ARGONNE FOREST. THE ATTACK THEN SPREAD

EAST OF THE MEUSE WHERE SEVERE FIGHTING

OCCURRED. THE PROLONGED STRUGGLES FOR

THE STRONGLY FORTIFIED GERMAN MAIN LINE

OF DEFENSE ON THE HEIGHTS NEAR BRIEULLES

CUNEL AND ROMAGNE WERE UNSURPASSED IN FURY

BUT BY OCTOBER 14 THIS LINE HAD BEEN BROKEN

AND THE END OF THE MONTH FOUND IT AND

THE VILLAGES OF ST. JUVIN AND GRAND-PRE

SECURELY IN THE GRASP OF THE AMERICAN ARMY.

 

ON NOVEMBER 1 THE ARMY LAUNCHED ITS LAST

GREAT ATTACK. THE DOMINATING HEIGHTS NEAR

BARRICOURT WERE CAPTURED AND THE ENEMY WAS

DRIVEN BEYOND THE MEUSE RIVER. THESE

SUCCESSES AND THOSE OF THE ALLIES ON OTHER

BATTLEFIELDS COMPELLED THE GERMANS TO ASK

FOR AN IMMEDIATE ARMISTICE WHICH BECAME

EFFECTIVE ON NOVEMBER II 1918.

 

DURING FORTY-SEVEN DAYS OF CONTINUAL

BATTLE ON THIS FRONT THE FIRST ARMY

ADVANCED 35 MILES CAPTURED 26000 MEN

874 CANNON AND 3000 MACHINE GUNS. AT

ITS MAXIMUM STRENGTH THE ARMY COMPRISED

MORE THAN 1000000 SOLDIERS. THE AMERICAN

BATTLE CASUALTIES WERE 122000.

 

 

Wall 2:

 

MEUSE-ARGONNE REGION

 

(-map here-)

 

 

LARGE NUMERALS INDICATE DIVISIONS WHICH CAPTURED

THE AREAS SHOWN.    SMALL NUMERALS INDICATE

PARTS OF DIVISIONS WHICH ASSISTED OTHER UNITS

DIVISION BOUNDARY (-legend-)            LINE OF RELIEF (-legend-)

AMERICAN MONUMENT (-legend-)      AMERICAN CEMETERY (-legend-)

FR - FRENCH DIVISION SERVING UNDER AMERICAN COMMAND

COL - COLONIAL             KILOMETERS (-legend-)             MILES (-legend-)

 

Wall 3:

 

THE MEUSE-ARGONNE BATTLE

PRESENTED NUMEROUS DIFFICULTIES

SEEMINGLY INSURMOUNTABLE. THE

SUCCESS STANDS OUT AS ONE OF THE

GREAT ACHIEVEMENTS IN THE HISTORY

OF AMERICAN ARMS. SUDDENLY

CONCEIVED AND HURRIED IN PLAN

AND PREPARATION: COMPLICATED

BY CLOSE ASSOCIATION WITH A

PRECEDING MAJOR OPERATION;

DIRECTED AGAINST STUBBORN

DEFENSE OF THE VITAL POINT OF

THE WESTERN FRONT; AND ATTENDED

BY COLD AND INCLEMENT WEATHER;

THIS BATTLE WAS PROSECUTED WITH

AN UNSELFISH AND HEROIC SPIRIT

OF COURAGE AND FORTITUDE WHICH

DEMANDED EVENTUAL VICTORY.

PHYSICALLY STRONG, VIRILE, AND

AGGRESIVE. THE MORALE OF THE

AMERICAN SOLDIER DURING THIS

MOST TERRIFYING PERIOD WAS SUPERB

IN THEIR DEVOTION, THEIR VALOR,

AND IN THE LOYAL FULFILLMENT OF

THEIR OBLIGATIONS. THE OFFICERS AND

MEN OF THE AMERICAN EXPEDITIONARY

FORCES HAVE LEFT A HERITAGE OF

WHICH THOSE WHO FOLLOW MAY EVER

BE PROUD.

 

(-Pershing signature-)

GENERAL, COMMANDER IN CHIEF

AMERICAN EXPEDITIONARY FORCES

Commemorates:

People:

John Joseph "Black Jack" Pershing

Units:

1st Infantry Division

26th Infantry Division

28th Infantry Division

29th Infantry Division

2nd Infantry Division

32nd Infantry Division

33rd Infantry Division

35th Infantry Division

37th Infantry Division

3rd Infantry Division

42nd Infantry Division

4th Infantry Division

5th Infantry Division

77th Infantry Division

78th Infantry Division

79th Infantry Division

80th Infantry Division

81st Infantry Division

82nd Airborne Division

89th Infantry Division

90th Infantry Division

91st Infantry Division

United States Army

Wars:

WWI

Other images :