Born 23 August 1891 in Charleston, Massachusetts Graduated from Sheffield Scientific School, Yale University, with a degree in engineering in 1915. He joined the US Air Service and went for training in Mineola Field before being sent to France. After WWI he worked in the Department Requisition Claims and AEF. He then joined the Kosciuszko Squadron for the Polish-Soviet War from 1919-1920. While on a mission on 26 April 1920 his plane took heavy fire which caused a serious injury to his right arm. He was able to fly 85 km while losing blood to an airport in Polonne (A village in present day Ukraine) He was then sent to an American Hospital in Paris and told that his injuries would not allow him to fly again.