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d’Errecalde Jean-Maurice Muthular

Jean-Maurice Muthular  d’Errecalde
First Lieutenant
Serial Number:
Date of Death:
New York
Distinguished Service Cross

Born 10 May 1909 in Paris, Texas. A lawyer in New York married to Edith d'Errecalde. OSS agent from 13 Jun - 12 Aug 44 in the south of France. His DSC citation reads as follows: The President of the United States of America, authorized by Act of Congress, July 9, 1918, takes pride in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross (Posthumously) to First Lieutenant (Infantry) Jean M. Muthular d'Errecalde (ASN: 0-323201), United States Army, for The President of the United States of America takes pride in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross (Posthumously) to First Lieutenant (Infantry) Jean M. Muthular d'Errecalde (ASN: 0-323201), United States Army, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy while serving with the Office of Strategic Services, in action against enemy forces in France, from 13 June 1944 to 13 August 1944. Assigned by Allied Force Headquarters, to an inter-allied mission in Southern France, to organize the French Marquis for guerrilla attacks on enemy lines of communications in France, First Lieutenant d'Errecalde parachuted into the department of Vauchause, on the night of 13 June 1944, and proceeded with the details of his mission. Under the conditions prevailing in that particular area, his mission involved enormous tasks over and beyond those normally connected with such work. Numerous arrests had disorganized resistance groups so that it was impossible to know, when approaching a contact, whether or not it was a safe one. On 18 June, a station specializing in airborne landings in the Saint Tropez area transmitted a message from First Lieutenant d'Errecalde, requesting that he be allowed to come to Algeria with important reports on his activities. However the station never received the approval of this request from Allied Force Headquarters, and a few days later, several reports indicated that First Lieutenant d'Errecalde had been arrest in the Saint Tropez area, but that he had, however, managed to protect the papers which he was about to bring to Algiers. These documents indicated how effectively and efficiently Lieutenant d'Errecalde worked to achieve the objective of his mission, to accomplish a practicable union of opposing factors among the resistance forces in the area, and the organization of the disruption of enemy communications, at the time of the Allied landings in Southern France. On 13 August 1944, First Lieutenant d'Errecalde was executed by German Gestapo for his refusal to divulge his connection with the Armed Forces of the Allied Nations. His outstanding courage, efficiency and devotion to duty are in keeping with the highest traditions of the military service.