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Memorare of the Great Raid - (Raid at Camp Pangatian, Cabanatuan Raid Marker)

<< Back to Cabanatuan- POW Camp

Details:

Immediately adjacent to the Cabanatuan American Memorial (which is administered by the American Battles Monument Commission {ABMC} in an open field just before entering the ABMC site.

Marker


Two identical markers from the National Historical Institute, one in English, the other in Filipino, mounted on a circular concrete base recounting the exploits of Filipino guerillas supporting US Army Forces.

 

The Cabanatuan American Memorial was erected by the survivors of the Bataan Death March and the prisoner of war camp at Cabanatuan in the Philippines during World War II. It is located at the site of the camp and honors those Americans and Filipinos who died during their internment. ABMC, recognizing the significance of this memorial, accepted responsibility for its operation and maintenance in 1989.

 

 

This memorial commemorates and honors the Philippine units which participated in the 'Great Raid' in January 1945. They played a major role in the success of the joint US/Philippine operation.

 

The Filipino forces included Squadron 201 led by Captain Juan Pajota and Squadron 213 led by Eduardo Joson. They supported US Army forces which included the 6th Ranger Battalion and the Alamo Scouts.

 

This is a key timeline form the ABMC website to better understand the background of this operation:

 

Significant Dates:

 

April 9, 1942: 75,000 Filipino and American soldiers, prisoners of the Japanese, began their infamous march out of Bataan to Camp O’Donnell in Tarlac, Central Luzon. Thousands were killed or died enroute.

 

MID-1942: The Japanese transferred 6,000 American POWs from Camp O’Donnell to the Cabanatuan vicinity. The POWs were assigned to work details and hard farm labor. Almost 3,000 died from executions, disease, beatings and starvation.

 

October-November 1944: After the American landing in Leyte, the Japanese transferred some 2,000 of the Cabanatuan prisoners to vessels sailing to Japan. Unmarked, many of these ships were sunk by US aircraft and submarines. About 500 POWs remained in Cabanatuan.

 

January 9, 1945: Supported by the U.S. and Australian navies, the U.S. Sixth Army made landings on the shores of Lingayen Gulf.

 

January 28-30: 6th Ranger Battalion, reinforced by the Alamo Scouts and Filipino guerillas, infiltrated 27 miles through the Japanese-held area southeast of Guimba. They forded the Pampanga River and established positions near the Cabanatuan camp.

 

January 30: 6th Ranger Battalion raided the camp, killing all Japanese and freeing 512 POWs. Filipino guerrilla units blocked Japanese reinforcements. The Rangers, with Filipino guerilla escorts, led the POWs safely back through 27 miles of hostile Japanese and Communist Hukbalahap territory without loss.

 

January 31: The freed survivors reached Guimba and began receiving medical care.

 

February 3-March 4: American troops liberated Manila. 

 

This event is remembered in the 2005 movie, “The Great Raid” based on the book by Hampton Sides: "Ghost Soldiers: The Epic Account of World War II's Greatest Rescue Mission "


For other POW Camps Memorials and historic raids to liberate them see this website:

 

Cabanatuan- POW Camp

Santo Tomas Internment (POW) Camp Marker

Palawan WWII Massacre Memorial (POW Camp 10A)

Palawan Survivors Memorial (POW Camp 10A).

Palawan Prison Camp (POW Camp 10A)- Philippine Historic Marker

11th Airborne Division- Los Baños Raid Marker 

Hellships Memorial

Monument Text:

The text on one marker is in English and on the other in Tagalog.  The English version reads:

 

MEMORARE

 

ON THE NIGHT OF JANUARY 30, 1945, 

FILIPINO GUERRILAS UNDER CAPTAINS 

JUAN PAJOTA AND EDUARDO JOSON 

EFFECTIVELY PREVENTED JAPANESE

REINFORCEMENTS AT PANGATIAN 

CONCENTRATION CAMP IN CABANATUAN.

THE BATTLE OF CABU BRIDGE AND

THE BLOCKADE AT BANGAD RESULTED

IN THE LIBERATION OF 516 ALLIED

PRISONERS OF WAR.  THE JOINT OP-

RATION OF THE GUERRILAS, ALAMO

SCOUTS AND THE U.S. 6TH RANGES 

BATTALION UNDER LT. COL. HENRY

MUCCI THIS EVENT IS CONSIDERED

ONE OF THE SUCCESSFUL RESCUE

MISSIONS OF ITS TYPE IN THE ANNALS

OF U.S. MILITARY HISTORY.

Commemorates:

People:

Henry Andrew  Mucci

Robert W. Prince

Units:

6th Ranger Battalion

6th US Army

Alamo Scouts (U.S. Sixth Army Special Reconnaissance Unit)

Filipino Guerillas

South West Pacific Area (Command)

Squadron 201 (Philippine Forces)

Squadron 213 (Philippine Forces)

Wars:

WWII

Battles:

Luzon (1944-1945)

Pacific Theater

Philippines Campaign (1944–1945)

Other images :